ERIC Number: EJ894545
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 22
The Attitudes to Disability Scale (ADS): Development and Psychometric Properties
Power, M. J.; Green, A. M.
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, v54 n9 p860-874 Sep 2010
Background: This paper describes the development of an Attitudes to Disability Scale for use with adults with physical or intellectual disabilities (ID). The aim of the research was to design a scale that could be used to assess the personal attitudes of individuals with either physical or ID. Method: The measure was derived following standard WHOQOL methodology as part of an international trial. In the pilot phase of the study, 12 centres from around the world carried out focus groups with people with physical disabilities, people with ID, with their carers, and with relevant professionals in order to identify themes relevant for attitudes to disability. Items generated from the focus groups were then tested in a pilot study with 1400 respondents from 15 different centres worldwide, with items being tested and reduced using both classical and modern psychometric methods. A field trial study was then carried out with 3772 respondents, again with the use of both classical and modern psychometric methods. Results: The outcome of the second round of data collection and analysis is a 16-item scale that can be used for assessment of attitudes to disability in physically or intellectually disabled people and in healthy respondents. Conclusions: The Attitudes to Disability Scale is a new psychometrically sound scale that can be used to assess attitudes in both physically and intellectually disabled groups. The scale is also available in both personal and general forms and in a number of different language versions.
Descriptors: Physical Disabilities, Mental Retardation, Focus Groups, Psychometrics, Test Construction, Attitude Measures, Caregiver Attitudes, Adults, Caregivers, Attitudes toward Disabilities
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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