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ERIC Number: EJ894448
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Aug
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 48
ISSN: ISSN-1470-8477
Cultural Descriptions as Political Cultural Acts: An Exploration
Holliday, Adrian
Language and Intercultural Communication, v10 n3 p259-272 Aug 2010
Interculturality may be something normal which everyone possesses to a degree. However, dominant neo-essentialist theories of culture give the impression that we are too different to easily cross-cultural boundaries. These theories support the development of academic disciplines and the need for professional certainty in intercultural training. There is an illusion of neutrality in established cultural descriptions such as collectivism and individualism. The criticism of this position is that such theories and descriptions may instead be ideologically constructed, and represent an idealised Self and a demonised non-Western Other. This denial of ideology results in a liberal-essentialist duality which also underpins multiculturalism. A critical cosmopolitanist approach and a social action theory of society project a different picture of culture which resides in realities which respond to personal circumstances. A cultural realism not only acknowledges the influence of national structures but also allows for the agency of the individual. However, the Centre positioning of established theories of culture means that emergent realities residing on the always defined Periphery need to assert an existence that the always defining Centre needs to appreciate. (Contains 4 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A