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ERIC Number: EJ894363
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0175
Creativity from Constraints: What Can We Learn from Motherwell? From Modrian? From Klee?
Stokes, Patricia D.
Journal of Creative Behavior, v42 n4 p223-236 2008
This article presents a problem-solving model of variability and creativity built on the classic Reitman and Simon analyses of musical composition and architectural design. The model focuses on paired constraints: one precluding (or limiting search among) reliable, existing solutions, the other promoting (or directing search to) novel, often opposite, ones. The primary constraint pair precludes an existing goal criterion and promotes a novel one. Other constraints--source (elements for recombination), task (how materials are used) and subject (motif, theme)--are then strategically selected to realize the goal. A brief discussion of Abstract Expressionism introduces the model, which is then applied to the painting careers of Piet Modrian and Paul Klee. (Contains 3 tables, 6 figures, and 7 footnotes.)
Creative Education Foundation. 48 North Pleasant Street Suite 301, Amherst, MA 01002. Tel: 508-960-0000; Fax: 413-658-0046; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A