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ERIC Number: EJ894090
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Sep
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 38
ISSN: ISSN-0013-9165
Does Anthropogenic Noise in National Parks Impair Memory?
Benfield, Jacob A.; Bell, Paul A.; Troup, Lucy J.; Soderstrom, Nick
Environment and Behavior, v42 n5 p693-706 Sep 2010
Research on noise shows that a variety of effects including stress, annoyance, and performance decrements exist for certain types of sounds. Noise interferes with cognitive ability by overloading the attentional system or simply distracting from efficient encoding or rehearsal, but very little research has extended those findings to recreation or natural environments such as those found in national parks. By exposing participants to one of four soundscape conditions--control, natural, natural with voices, and natural with ground traffic--the current project tested the effect of sound conditions on the recognition and recall of factual information presented whereas viewing scenes of national parks. Both the natural with voices and natural with ground traffic conditions caused significant decreases in memory scores while the natural condition showed no differences from the control condition. Implications for sound management strategies are discussed in the context of current legislation and recent field research. Avenues for future research to clarify the mode of memory interference are discussed. (Contains 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Need for Cognition Scale