ERIC Number: EJ894067
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Lexical Frequency and Third-Graders' Stress Accuracy in Derived English Word Production
Jarmulowicz, Linda; Taran, Valentina L.; Hay, Sarah E.
Applied Psycholinguistics, v29 n2 p213-235 Apr 2008
This study examined the effects of lexical frequency on children's production of accurate primary stress in words derived with nonneutral English suffixes. Forty-four third-grade children participated in an elicited derived word task in which they produced high-frequency, low-frequency, and nonsense-derived words with stress-changing suffixes (i.e., "-tion", "-ic", "-ity"). Derived word frequency affected stress production accuracy; however, the individual suffix also played an important role in stress placement, with "-tion" productions more accurate than either "-ic" or "-ity" productions. For the real words, derived word frequency "relative" to stem frequency was related to performance. Stress was less accurate on derived words that were much lower in frequency than their stems (e.g., "tranquil/tranquility") and more accurate on derived words that approximated or exceeded their stem frequency (e.g., "motivate/motivation"). In addition to derived word and stem frequency, results are discussed with reference to several phonological characteristics that may also influence stress production accuracy.
Descriptors: Suprasegmentals, Suffixes, Word Frequency, Grade 3, English, Task Analysis, Role, Pronunciation, Phonology, Oral Language, Elementary School Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 3
Authoring Institution: N/A