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ERIC Number: EJ893936
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 26
ISSN: ISSN-0161-5653
Children in Crisis: Special Education Status and Other Stressors in the Lives of Children Removed from School by Expulsion
Edmonds-Cady, Cynthia; Hock, Robert
School Social Work Journal, v32 n2 p72-86 Spr 2008
This exploratory qualitative study examines what occurred in the lives of kindergarten through twelfth-grade students who were expelled from school in order to understand possible stressors in their lives. Data were obtained on expulsion cases from a variety of school districts in one midwestern state. The sample (N = 91) consisted of the total number of full school-year (August-June) expulsion cases collected by a statewide child advocacy center. Analysis of student case files revealed the reason for the expulsion, whether students had experienced stressors or had special education status prior to their expulsion, and the short-term school-related outcomes in each case. Study findings as well as recommendations based on the findings, with an emphasis on prevention, are presented. A major finding of this study is that 19.6 percent of students who had been expelled had special education or Section 504 status and were expelled without the due process provided by the manifestation determination guidelines inherent in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. A second major finding is that 51.6 percent of those who were expelled had experienced stressors prior to their expulsion. Only 25.3 percent of those in the sample were reinstated to their school of origin. Policy recommendations include the need for school personnel, parents, mental health professionals, social workers, and students in school social work programs to be aware of the child-find and manifestation determination guidelines in IDEA. (Contains 1 table and 2 footnotes.)
Lyceum Books, Inc. 5758 South Blackstone Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637. Tel: 773-643-1902; Fax: 703-643-1903; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: Counselors
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act