ERIC Number: EJ893406
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 28
School Climate for Transgender Youth: A Mixed Method Investigation of Student Experiences and School Responses
McGuire, Jenifer K.; Anderson, Charles R.; Toomey, Russell B.; Russell, Stephen T.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v39 n10 p1175-1188 Oct 2010
Transgender youth experience negative school environments and may not benefit directly from interventions defined to support Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual (LGB) youth. This study utilized a multi-method approach to consider the issues that transgender students encounter in school environments. Using data from two studies, survey data (total n = 2260, 68 transgender youth) from study 1 and focus groups (n = 35) from study 2, we examine transgender youth's experience of school harassment, school strategies implemented to reduce harassment, the protective role of supportive school personnel, and individual responses to harassment, including dropping out and changing schools. In both studies, we found that school harassment due to transgender identity was pervasive, and this harassment was negatively associated with feelings of safety. When schools took action to reduce harassment, students reported greater connections to school personnel. Those connections were associated with greater feelings of safety. The indirect effects of school strategies to reduce harassment on feelings of safety through connection to adults were also significant. Focus group data illuminate specific processes schools can engage in to benefit youth, and how the youth experience those interventions.
Descriptors: Focus Groups, School Personnel, Gender Issues, School Safety, Educational Environment, Social Environment, Social Attitudes, Social Bias, Role, Bullying, Sexual Identity, Intervention
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A