ERIC Number: EJ893106
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Variability of Quality of Life at Small Scales: Addis Ababa, Kirkos Sub-City
Tesfazghi, Elsa Sereke; Martinez, J. A.; Verplanke, J. J.
Social Indicators Research, v98 n1 p73-88 Aug 2010
Urban quality of life (QoL) is becoming a subject of urban research mainly for western and Asian countries. Such attention is due to an increasing awareness of the contribution of QoL studies in identifying intervention areas and in monitoring urban planning policies. However, most studies are carried out at city or country level that can average out details at small scales. In this paper we present a case study where the urban QoL at small scale is measured and its variability is evaluated for Kirkos sub-city of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The study is based on data from a household survey and some secondary data. Geographic information system (GIS) is applied to extract proximity information (e.g., distance to school facilities) and visualize the spatial distribution of QoL. Statistical methods such as factor analysis are applied to establish an index of objective QoL while coefficient of variation is applied to evaluate spatial variability of subjective QoL. The results of this study reveal that the subjective quality of life (QoL) scores show large variation in the sub-city. The mean QoL score also indicates that the respondents in the sub-city, on average, are dissatisfied with the quality of their life. Respondents with higher education level and income are on average, however, more satisfied with their QoL in the sub-city. The results reveal that the lower the QoL in the Kebele, the larger the variability of QoL within the Kebele. Such indicates how aggregation at large scale can average out the variation of QoL at small scales. The results reveal the presence of QoL variability at small scales. The comparison between the subjective and the objective QoL at Kebele level indicated a state of dissonance, adaptation, deprivation or well-being. Such results suggest that the two measures do not always indicate the same level of QoL.
Descriptors: Urban Planning, Quality of Life, Factor Analysis, Foreign Countries, Educational Facilities, Urban Areas, Social Indicators, Measurement, Sociometric Techniques, Socioeconomic Influences, Evaluation Methods, Surveys, Geographic Information Systems, Proximity, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Ethiopia