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ERIC Number: EJ892956
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jul
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0142-7164
"Um, I Can Tell You're Lying": Linguistic Markers of Deception versus Truth-Telling in Speech
Arciuli, Joanne; Mallard, David; Villar, Gina
Applied Psycholinguistics, v31 n3 p397-411 Jul 2010
Lying is a deliberate attempt to transmit messages that mislead others. Analysis of language behaviors holds great promise as an objective method of detecting deception. The current study reports on the frequency of use and acoustic nature of "um" and "like" during laboratory-elicited lying versus truth-telling. Results obtained using a within-participants false opinion paradigm showed that instances of "um" occur less frequently and are of shorter duration during lying compared to truth-telling. There were no significant differences in relation to "like." These findings contribute to our understanding of the linguistic markers of deception behavior. They also assist in our understanding of the role of "um" in communication more generally. Our results suggest that "um" may not be accurately conceptualized as a filled pause/hesitation or speech disfluency/error whose increased usage coincides with increased cognitive load or increased arousal during lying. It may instead carry a lexical status similar to interjections and form an important part of authentic, effortless communication, which is somewhat lacking during lying.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A