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ERIC Number: EJ892660
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Aug
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 83
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0096-3445
Phonological Universals Constrain the Processing of Nonspeech Stimuli
Berent, Iris; Balaban, Evan; Lennertz, Tracy; Vaknin-Nusbaum, Vered
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, v139 n3 p418-435 Aug 2010
Domain-specific systems are hypothetically specialized with respect to the outputs they compute and the inputs they allow (Fodor, 1983). Here, we examine whether these 2 conditions for specialization are dissociable. An initial experiment suggests that English speakers could extend a putatively universal phonological restriction to inputs identified as nonspeech. A subsequent comparison of English and Russian participants indicates that the processing of nonspeech inputs is modulated by linguistic experience. Striking, qualitative differences between English and Russian participants suggest that they rely on linguistic principles, both universal and language-particular, rather than generic auditory processing strategies. Thus, the computation of idiosyncratic linguistic outputs is apparently not restricted to speech inputs. This conclusion presents various challenges to both domain-specific and domain-general accounts of cognition. (Contains 3 footnotes, 7 tables, and 8 figures.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Florida