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ERIC Number: EJ892337
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 41
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0175
The Relationship between Diverse Components of Intelligence and Creativity
Cho, Sun Hee; Nijenhuis, Jan Te; van Vianen, Annelies E. M.; Kim, Heui Baik; Lee, Kun Ho
Journal of Creative Behavior, v44 n2 p125-137 Second Quarter 2010
Intelligence and creativity are accounted for in terms of two different mental operations referred to as "convergent thinking" and "divergent thinking", respectively. Nevertheless, psychometric evidence on the relationship between intelligence and creativity has been controversial. To clarify their relationship, we characterized the relationship between diverse components of intelligence and creativity through the administration of psychometric tests on a large sample (WAIS, RPM, and TTCT-figural: n = 215; TTCT-verbal: n = 137). The general intelligence factor (g) score showed significant correlations with both TTCT-figural and TTCT-verbal scores. However, sub-dimensional analysis demonstrated that their association was attributable to the specific components of both TTCTs (TTCT-figural: Abstractness of Titles, Elaboration, and Resistance to Premature Closure; TTCT-verbal: Flexibility) rather than to their common components (Fluency and Originality). Among the intelligence sub-dimensions, crystallized intelligence (gC) played a pivotal role in the association between g and the specific components of both TTCTs. When the total sample was divided into two IQ groups, these phenomena were more evident in the average IQ group than in the high IQ group. These results suggest that the mental operation of creativity may be different from that of intelligence, but gC may be used as a resource for the mental operation of creativity. (Contains 5 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking