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ERIC Number: EJ892075
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Aug
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 59
ISSN: ISSN-0022-006X
Trauma, Binge Eating, and the "Strong Black Woman"
Harrington, Ellen F.; Crowther, Janis H.; Shipherd, Jillian C.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, v78 n4 p469-479 Aug 2010
Objective: The primary goal of this study was to test a culturally specific model of binge eating in African American female trauma survivors, investigating potential mechanisms through which trauma exposure and distress were related to binge eating symptomatology. Method: Participants were 179 African American female trauma survivors who completed questionnaires about traumatic experiences; emotional inhibition/regulation difficulties; self-silencing (prioritizing others' needs and adopting external self-evaluation standards); eating for psychological reasons; binge eating; and internalization of "Strong Black Woman" (SBW) ideology, an important cultural symbol emphasizing strength and self-sufficiency. Results: Structural path analysis supported the proposed model in which SBW ideology, emotional inhibition/regulation difficulties, and eating for psychological reasons mediated the relationship between trauma exposure/distress and binge eating. The proposed model provided better fit to the data than several competing models. Conclusions: These findings suggest that among African American trauma survivors, trauma exposure and distress predict greater internalization of SBW ideology, which is associated with emotional inhibition/regulation difficulties, eating for psychological reasons, and ultimately binge eating. Implications of these findings for assessment, treatment, and prevention efforts are discussed. (Contains 3 figures, 1 footnote and 3 tables.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Sexual Experiences Survey