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ERIC Number: EJ892074
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Aug
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 51
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0022-006X
Suicidal, Abused African American Women's Response to a Culturally Informed Intervention
Kaslow, Nadine J.; Leiner, Amy S.; Reviere, Susan; Jackson, Emily; Bethea, Kafi; Bhaju, Jeshmin; Rhodes, Miesha; Gantt, Min-Jung; Senter, Herman; Thompson, Martie P.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, v78 n4 p449-458 Aug 2010
Objective: This study examined (a) the efficacy of a manualized, culturally informed, empowerment-focused psychoeducational group intervention (Nia) designed in accord with the theory of triadic influence or treatment as usual (TAU) for reducing psychological symptomatology (suicidal ideation, depressive symptoms, posttraumatic stress symptoms, general psychological distress), and (b) the effect of Nia versus TAU on the relation between exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) and psychological symptomatology in these women. Method: Two hundred eight low-socioeconomic-status African American women with a recent history of IPV and a suicide attempt were randomized to Nia or TAU and assessed at baseline, postintervention, and 6- and 12-month follow-up. They were assessed on their levels of IPV (Index of Spouse Abuse), suicidal ideation (Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation), depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory-II), posttraumatic stress symptoms, and general psychological distress (Brief Symptom Inventory). Results: Hierarchical linear modeling found that women receiving the culturally informed Nia intervention showed more rapid reductions in depressive symptoms and general distress initially, and the between-group difference in depressive symptoms persisted at follow-up. Following intervention, compared with women randomized to TAU, women in Nia exhibited less severe suicidal ideation when exposed to physical and nonphysical IPV. Conclusions: Findings highlight the value of incorporating Nia as an adjunctive intervention for abused, suicidal, low-income women. They underscore the ways the intervention needs to be bolstered to address more directly more mediating and moderating constructs, as well as the need to target more effectively the key outcomes. (Contains 3 figures, 1 footnote, and 5 tables.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Beck Depression Inventory; Brief Symptom Inventory