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ERIC Number: EJ891900
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-May
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 22
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1622
Does Surgical Management of the Hand in Children with Spastic Unilateral Cerebral Palsy Affect Functional Outcome?
van Munster, Judith C.; Maathuis, Karel G. B.; Haga, Nienke; Verheij, Nienke P.; Nicolai, Jean-Philippe A.; Hadders-Algra, Mijna
Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, v49 n5 p385-389 May 2007
The aim of this review was to examine the literature on the effects of surgery of the spastic hand in children with cerebral palsy on functional outcome and muscle coordination. We performed a search of the relevant literature in Medline, Embase, and Biological Abstracts from 1966 to June 2006. The search resulted in eight studies on the effect of surgery on functional outcome and three studies on the effect of surgery on muscle coordination. Heterogeneity in outcome measures precluded meta-analysis. The studies revealed that--at the level of impairment--surgery has a positive effect on supination and dorsiflexion of the wrist. At the level of function, surgery might improve grip strategy and induce an increase of the repertoire of grips and spontaneous use of the hand. The evidence for the functional effects is, however, limited. Whether the possibly improved function is mediated by alterations in muscle coordination patterns remains unclear. The muscle coordination studies provided inconclusive results. We concluded that surgery improves the position of the hand and there are indications that it might improve hand function. Future research should address the question: does surgery improve hand function and, if so, is this due solely to a better hand position or does change in muscle coordination play an additional role? (Contains 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A