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ERIC Number: EJ891887
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-May
Pages: 5
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0013-127X
The Morphing of America's Liberal Arts Colleges
DiMaria, Frank
Education Digest: Essential Readings Condensed for Quick Review, v75 n9 p11-15 May 2010
In this article, the author discusses the paper, "Where Are They Now? Revisiting Breneman's Study of Liberal Arts Colleges" by Vicki L. Baker, assistant professor at Albion College and Roger G. Baldwin, professor at University of Michigan. Their paper takes a look back at David W. Breneman's study "Are We Losing Our Liberal Arts Colleges?" and it focuses on the state of America's liberal arts colleges. Breneman defined liberal arts colleges as having the following attributes: curriculum based in traditional arts and science fields; small classes and close student-faculty relationships; full-time study and student residence on campus; and little emphasis on vocational preparation or study in professional fields. Breneman found that just 212 colleges in the U.S. fit this criteria and determined that many historic liberal arts colleges were evolving into career-oriented "professional colleges." Now, nearly 20 years later, Baker and Baldwin examined longitudinal changes among liberal arts colleges, specifically the 212 institutions Breneman identified. In their study, Baker and Baldwin discovered that only 137 institutions remain of the 212 in Breneman's original study. Baker and Baldwin indicate in their paper that many threats to the liberal arts college model of education have been active in recent years. These include the cost of residential education, competition from new education providers, including online and for-profit programs, and a job market in transition to a knowledge- and service-based economy. Another threat is vocationally oriented students more concerned about being very well off financially than with common liberal arts goals.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A