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ERIC Number: EJ891800
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jul
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0028-3932
The Flexible Mind Is Associated with the Catechol-O-Methyltransferase (COMT) Val[superscript 158]Met Polymorphism: Evidence for a Role of Dopamine in the Control of Task-Switching
Colzato, Lorenza S.; Waszak, Florian; Nieuwenhuis, Sander; Posthuma, Danielle; Hommel, Bernhard
Neuropsychologia, v48 n9 p2764-2768 Jul 2010
Genetic variability related to the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene Val[superscript 128]Met polymorphism) has received increasing attention as a possible modulator of cognitive control functions. Recent evidence suggests that the Val[superscript 128]Met genotype may differentially affect cognitive stability and flexibility, in such a way that Val/Val homozygous individuals (who possess low prefrontal dopamine levels) may show more pronounced cognitive flexibility than Met/-carriers (who possess high prefrontal dopamine levels). To test this, healthy humans (n=87), genotyped for the Val[superscript 128]Met polymorphism at the COMT gene, performed a task-switching paradigm, which provides a relatively diagnostic index of cognitive flexibility. As predicted, Met/-carriers showed larger switching costs (i.e., less cognitive flexibility), F(1,85)=4.28, p less than 0.05, than Val/Val homozygous individuals. Our findings support the idea that low prefrontal dopamine levels promote cognitive flexibility. (Contains 1 table and 2 figures.)
Elsevier. 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Tel: 877-839-7126; Tel: 407-345-4020; Fax: 407-363-1354; e-mail: usjcs@elsevier.com; Web site: http://www.elsevier.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A