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ERIC Number: EJ891620
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 32
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 79
ISSN: ISSN-1040-9289
Drawing Back the Lens on Play: A Frame Analysis of Young Children's Play in Puerto Rico
Trawick-Smith, Jeffrey
Early Education and Development, v21 n4 p536-567 2010
Research Findings: Previous research on young children's play has focused narrowly on behaviors that are highly valued in Western societies. The purpose of this study was to draw back the lens on play--to examine a broader range of early childhood pastimes that are more common and meaningful to children of color. Using G. Bateson's (1972) work on play frames, the play behaviors of 49 4- and 5-year-old children were observed, described, categorized, and analyzed over a 6-month period in two classrooms in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Children were found to play in very large groups. Rarely studied play behaviors were identified: music play, humor/teasing, replica play, and art play. Commonly studied play forms, such as pretend and construction, were also common but were often observed in unexpected locations and embedded in other primary play activities, making them difficult to identify and evaluate. Practice: Findings suggest that professionals should observe and assess children's play through a more inclusive lens, evaluating and facilitating all types of play in all areas of the classroom, at all times of day, and in naturalistic peer groups with no group size limits. Play centers and materials should match the unique play interests of children across cultures. (Contains 2 tables.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Kindergarten; Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Puerto Rico