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ERIC Number: EJ891495
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Mar
Pages: 40
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 33
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1085-4568
Wildlife Displacement and Dispersal Area Reduction by Human Activities within Kimana Group Ranch Corridor Near Amboseli, Kenya
McNaught, Megan
Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, v14 p131-170 Mar 2007
The Tsavo/Amboseli Ecosystem represents one of the major remaining wildlife conservation blocks in Kenya. This ecosystem consists of four protected areas which are safe havens for wildlife: Amboseli National Park, Kimana Wildlife Sanctuary, Tsavo West National Park, and Chyulu Hills. This research focused on the wildlife displacement and dispersal area reduction by human activities within Kimana Group Ranch corridor. After Kenya gained its independence in 1963 the government developed policies which encouraged nomadic peoples such as the Maasai in the Amboseli-Chyulu-Tsavo areas to live more sedentary lifestyles because pastoralism was viewed as a primitive and non-lucrative land use. As land within Kimana Group Ranch becomes developed and settled, less area is available for wildlife to disperse and migrate in the Tsavo/Amboseli ecosystem. The destruction and fragmentation of wildlife habitat due to human activities such as cultivation is the largest threat to wildlife, causing a large number of local extinctions within protected areas. The protected areas of Amboseli National Park, Kimana Sanctuary, Tsavo West National Park, and Chyulu Hills are becoming increasingly isolated islands of conservation into which an overabundance of wildlife is compressed, decreasing the biodiversity and wildlife conservation potential of the system. The objectives of this study were: (1) To determine actual areas of human activities (roads, fences, institutions and markets) as well as their associated wildlife displacement area that contribute to the shrinking of the dispersal area between Amboseli National Park, Kimana Sanctuary, and Tsavo/Chyulu Hills; (2) To establish the locations and extent of roads, fences, institutions and markets, and to map them using GIS; (3) To understand the ability of livestock and wildlife to co-exist by determining displacement distances of wildlife from different species of livestock; and (4) To establish wildlife distribution and habitat associations within Kimana Group Ranch, paying particular attention to the distribution of elephants, in order to understand displacement effects in relation to human establishments. (Contains 10 tables and 8 figures.)
Frontiers Journal. Dickinson College P.O. Box 1773, Carlisle, PA 17013. Tel: 717-254-8858; Fax: 717-245-1677; Web site: http://www.frontiersjournal.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Kenya