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ERIC Number: EJ891473
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Nov
Pages: 24
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 48
ISSN: ISSN-1085-4568
"Nipe Nikupe": Dependency, Reciprocity, and Paradoxes of Food Aid in Lugufu Refugee Camp Kigoma, Tanzania
Hoyer, Brian
Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, v12 p31-54 Nov 2005
This paper is based on primary fieldwork conducted in Lugufu refugee camp in the rural Kigoma Region of western Tanzania. It is an anthropological inquiry into the paradox of refugee food aid based on the prevailing dynamic of domination and submission currently advanced by the international aid community. This inquiry asks fundamental questions relating to the social consequences of refugee food aid. How does the power of gift and reciprocity relate to food aid? What is the strategic value of this aid to the provider? What is expected of an individual who enters the liminal social setting of the refugee camp, as a recipient of humanitarian assistance? How does dependency develop and manifest itself in Lugufu refugee camp? From these points of analysis emerges a strong critique of the current relief regime, and constructive criticism aimed at improving food distribution in this highly dynamic social setting--a situation in which the contribution of a fresh perspective can offer a valuable tool for positive change. (Contains 3 notes.)
Frontiers Journal. Dickinson College P.O. Box 1773, Carlisle, PA 17013. Tel: 717-254-8858; Fax: 717-245-1677; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Tanzania