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ERIC Number: EJ891445
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Dec
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 21
ISSN: ISSN-0889-4019
A Head of Its Time: Career Counseling's Roots in Phrenology
Hershenson, David B.
Career Development Quarterly, v57 n2 p181-190 Dec 2008
It is an indisputable but conveniently overlooked fact that trait-and-factor career counseling was widely practiced in the United States at least 35 years before Frank Parsons provided this service and that the practitioners were phrenologists. This article proposes the reasons why career counseling arose in phrenology at that time and argues that the eminent phrenologist Nelson Sizer, rather than Frank Parsons, is the real founder of the field.
National Career Development Association. 305 North Beech Circle, Broken Arrow, OK 74012. Tel: 866-367-6232; Tel: 918-663-7060; Fax: 918-663-7058; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A