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ERIC Number: EJ891331
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jul
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0028-3932
Investigating the "Latent" Deficit Hypothesis: Age at Time of Head Injury, Implicit and Executive Functions and Behavioral Insight
Barker, L. A.; Andrade, J.; Morton, N.; Romanowski, C. A. J.; Bowles, D. P.
Neuropsychologia, v48 n9 p2550-2563 Jul 2010
This study investigated the "latent deficit" hypothesis in two groups of head-injured patients with predominantly frontal lesions, those injured prior to steep morphological and corresponding functional maturational periods for frontal networks (less than or equal to age 25), and those injured greater than 28 years. The latent deficit hypothesis proposes that early injuries produce enduring cognitive deficits manifest later in the lifespan with graver consequences for behavior than adult injuries, particularly after frontal pathology (Eslinger, Grattan, Damasio & Damasio, 1992). Implicit and executive deficits both contribute to behavioral insight after frontal head injury (Barker, Andrade, Romanowski, Morton, & Wasti, 2006). On the basis of morphological and behavioral data, we hypothesized that early injury would confer greater vulnerability to impairment on tasks associated with frontal regions than later injury. Patients completed experimental tasks of implicit cognition, executive function measures and the DEX measure of behavioral insight (Behavioral Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome: Wilson, Alderman, Burgess, Emslie, & Evans, 1996). The Early Injury group were more impaired on implicit cognition tasks compared to controls that Late Injury patients. There were no marked group differences on most executive function measures. Executive ability only contributed to behavioral awareness in the Early Injury Group. Findings showed that age at injury moderates the relationship between executive and implicit cognition and behavioral insight and that early injuries result in long-standing deficits to functions associated with frontal regions partially supporting the latent deficit hypothesis. (Contains 2 figures and 7 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A