NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ891157
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jun
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 35
ISSN: ISSN-1045-3830
Factor Structure and Invariance across Gender of the Devereux Early Childhood Assessment Protective Factor Scale
Ogg, Julia A.; Brinkman, Tara M.; Dedrick, Robert F.; Carlson, John S.
School Psychology Quarterly, v25 n2 p107-118 Jun 2010
Early childhood social-emotional assessment has traditionally focused on risk factors or psychopathology, and has less frequently examined protective factors that may serve to promote positive developmental outcomes for children. To advance conceptual models that include protective factors as key explanatory constructs, there is a need for quantitative measures of protective factors that are psychometrically sound and function similarly across different subgroups, including gender. This study examined the factor structure and factorial invariance across gender of the Devereux Early Childhood Assessment (DECA), one of the few measures to focus on protective behaviors. A total of 1,344 parents completed the DECA for a group of developmentally and economically at-risk children ages 2 to 5 years. Results of the confirmatory factor analysis, the first to be conducted on the DECA, revealed that the factor structure proposed by the authors of the DECA was adequate with some modifications. Multigroup comparisons by gender supported the invariance of the factor pattern coefficients and 26 of the 27 item intercepts, indicating that the items were functioning similarly across boys and girls. Suggestions for improving problematic item pairs and content are provided. This study can be viewed as part of the ongoing validation of the DECA and an important contribution to the strength-based assessment literature. (Contains 2 tables.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A