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ERIC Number: EJ891075
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
ISSN: ISSN-0090-4244
Gender Differences in Mathematics Self-Efficacy and Back Substitution in Multiple-Choice Assessment
Goodwin, K. Shane; Ostrom, Lee; Scott, Karen Wilson
Journal of Adult Education, v38 n1 p22-42 2009
A quantitative observational study exploring the relationship of gender to mathematics self-efficacy and the frequency of back substitution in multiple-choice assessment sampled undergraduates at a western United States parochial university. Research questions addressed: to what extent are there gender differences in mathematics self-efficacy, as demonstrated on multiple-choice test items; and to what extent are there gender differences in the frequency of employing back substitution as an informed guessing strategy on multiple-choice test items? Instruments were (a) a representative multiple-choice test algebra equation, and (b) a mathematics self-efficacy survey accompanying a standardized multiple-choice algebra examination. While results revealed no significant gender differences in mathematics self-efficacy or back-substitution strategy, findings concerning testwise strategies application and learner performance accuracy can benefit educators. (Contains 4 tables and 5 figures.)
Mountain Plains Adult Education Association. c/o Adult Learning Center, 815 Front Street, Helena, MT 59602. Tel: 406-324-2118; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A