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ERIC Number: EJ890932
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Aug
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0749-596X
Testing Promotes Eyewitness Accuracy with a Warning: Implications for Retrieval Enhanced Suggestibility
Thomas, Ayanna K.; Bulevich, John B.; Chan, Jason C. K.
Journal of Memory and Language, v63 n2 p149-157 Aug 2010
Numerous studies have demonstrated that repeated retrieval boosts later retention. However, recent research has shown that testing can increase eyewitness susceptibility to misleading post-event information (e.g., Chan, Thomas, & Bulevich, 2009). The present study examines the effects of warning on this counterintuitive finding. In two experiments, subjects either took an initial test or performed a filler task after they viewed a video event. They were then given post-event information before they took a final test. Critically, one group of subjects was warned about potential inaccuracies in the post-event narrative and the other group was not. Without a warning, subjects who received an initial test were more likely to endorse misleading post-event information, replicating the retrieval-enhanced suggestibility (RES) effect. However, this RES effect was eliminated when subjects were warned about the veracity of the narrative. These results are consistent with a retrieval fluency account of RES. (Contains 1 figure and 5 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A