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ERIC Number: EJ890926
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Aug
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0749-596X
Global Similarity Accounts of Embedded-Category Designs: Tests of the Global Matching Models
Maguire, Angela M.; Humphreys, Michael S.; Dennis, Simon; Lee, Michael D.
Journal of Memory and Language, v63 n2 p131-148 Aug 2010
This paper addresses two Global Matching predictions in embedded-category designs: the within-category choice advantage in forced-choice recognition (superior discrimination for test choices comprising a same-category distractor); and the category length effect in forced-choice and old/new recognition (a loss in discriminability with increases in the number of same-category list items). The old-new data is analyzed using a Bayesian approach (Dennis, Lee, & Kinnell, 2008), which evaluates the evidence for both the null and the alternative hypothesis. Across two experiments, no within-category choice advantage was observed for the associative or the taxonomic categories. A category length effect was observed for the associative categories in forced-choice recognition, but not for the taxonomic categories. Additionally, the Bayesian analysis indicated that only a minority of participants evidenced a category length effect in old/new recognition. Such findings question the theoretical underpinnings of the Global Matching models. Namely, that global similarity drives interference in recognition. (Contains 4 figures and 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A