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ERIC Number: EJ890918
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Nov
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0965
The Role of Comparison in Preschoolers' Novel Object Categorization
Graham, Susan A.; Namy, Laura L.; Gentner, Dedre; Meagher, Kristinn
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, v107 n3 p280-290 Nov 2010
We examined the role of the comparison process and shared names on preschoolers' categorization of novel objects. In our studies, 4-year-olds were presented with novel object sets consisting of either one or two standards and two test objects: a shape match and a texture match. When children were presented with one standard, they extended the category based on shape regardless of whether the objects were named. When children were presented with two standards that shared the same texture and the objects were named with the same noun, they extended the category based on texture. The opportunity to compare two standards, in the absence of shared names, led to an attenuation of the effect of shape. These findings demonstrate that comparison plays a critical role in the categorization of novel objects and that shared names enhance this process. (Contains 1 figure and 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A