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ERIC Number: EJ890739
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1550-1175
(Harmonious) Community Life as the Goal of Education: A Bilingual Dialogue between Tsunesaburo Makiguchi and Francis W. Parker
Goulah, Jason
Schools: Studies in Education, v7 n1 p64-85 Spr 2010
This article examines Francis W. Parker's (1837-1902) and Tsunesaburo Makiguchi's (1871-1944) views of harmonious community life as the goal of education through bilingual analysis of Parker's "My Pedagogic Creed" (1897) and Makiguchi's On the Significance of Social Aspects that Mr. Parker Says Should be Incorporated into the School Experience (1897), Research on Instruction in the Multiple Grade Classroom (1897), "The Practical Application of Social Pedagogy" (1901), and "Reforms in Geography Instruction from the Perspective of the Economy of Learning" (1919), in relation to their major works. This examination reveals that although Makiguchi appropriated the phrase "harmonious community life" from Parker's "My Pedagogic Creed," repeated it in "Significance of Social Aspects and Social Pedagogy," and reiterated it 33 years later in his most characteristic work, "The System of Value-Creating Pedagogy" (1930-34), he subscribed to its ideology before reading Parker. This examination also illustrates that both educators viewed harmonious community life as the means to absolute happiness. While Parker is well known as the "father of Progressive education," Makiguchi, less known but gaining increasing awareness, is the originator of what has become perhaps Japan's most internationally applied pedagogical approach. This article marks the first time his early, so-called minor essays have been introduced and excerpted in English.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A