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ERIC Number: EJ890529
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 30
ISSN: ISSN-1696-2095
Self-Efficacy, Gender and Trait Anxiety as Moderators of Test Anxiety
Onyeizugbo, Euckay U.
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, v8 n1 p299-312 2010
Introduction: Test anxiety inhibits students from performing according to their full potential in academic setting. Objectives: This study investigated self-efficacy, gender and trait anxiety as moderators of test anxiety. Method: Two hundred and forty nine (249) psychology majors drawn from a university in Eastern Nigeria participated in the study. General self-efficacy scale, Westside test anxiety scale and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Y-2 were used to assess self-efficacy, test anxiety and trait anxiety respectively. Data collected were analysed using regression analysis, analysis of variance (ANOVA), and Pearson correlation. Results: Results of regression analysis indicated that the model was significant. Self-efficacy contributed 14% of the variability in test anxiety, whereas trait anxiety moderated 49% of the variability in test anxiety. Gender was not a significant predictor of test anxiety. Persons with lower self-efficacy had higher test anxiety scores. Also, self-efficacy correlated negatively with test anxiety, whereas trait anxiety correlated positively with test anxiety. Conclusions: These findings have implications for developing programs to enhance performance in students who have difficulties with testing situations. (Contains 4 tables.)
University of Almeria, Education & Psychology I+D+i. Faculty of Psychology Department of Educational and Developmental Psychology, Carretera de Sacramento s/n, 04120 LaCanada de San Urbano, Almeria, Spain. Tel: +34-950-015354; Fax: +34-950-015083; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Nigeria
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: State Trait Anxiety Inventory