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ERIC Number: EJ890463
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Aug
Pages: 25
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0195-6744
Office Discipline and Student Behavior: Does Race Matter?
Rocque, Michael
American Journal of Education, v116 n4 p557-581 Aug 2010
Previous research has consistently found a relationship between student race and discipline. For example, African Americans are more likely than whites to be sent to the office or suspended. However, much of this work is limited by a lack of student behavior and school-level variables. This study examined the effect of student race on office referrals in 45 elementary schools while controlling for ratings of student behavior and using a fixed effects model to remove school-level influences. The results indicate that African American students are significantly more likely to be referred to the office than other racial groups. Neither student behavior nor school-level factors are sufficient to explain this relationship; however, these factors do dampen the effect of race on discipline, suggesting that previous work has reported inflated coefficients. Given the historical association between exclusionary school discipline and later negative life outcomes, this issue warrants increased attention. Implications and directions for future research are discussed.
University of Chicago Press. Journals Division, P.O. Box 37005, Chicago, IL 60637. Tel: 877-705-1878; Tel: 773-753-3347; Fax: 877-705-1879; Fax: 773-753-0811; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Cited: ED544770; ED558158; ED544799