ERIC Number: EJ890283
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 52
Work Stress and Depression among Direct Support Professionals: The Role of Work Support and Locus of Control
Gray-Stanley, J. A.; Muramatsu, N.; Heller, T.; Hughes, S.; Johnson, T. P.; Ramirez-Valles, J.
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, v54 n8 p749-761 Aug 2010
Background: Although work stress can impede the capacity of direct support professionals and contribute to mental health challenges, external (i.e. work social support) and internal resources (i.e. an internal locus of control) have been shown to help DSPs cope more actively. We examined how work stress was associated with depression, with a particular focus on the role of resources. Method: Direct support professionals (n = 323) who serve adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities from five community-based organisations completed a cross-sectional, self-administered survey which measured work stress, work support, locus of control, and depression. Results: Multiple regression analyses demonstrated that work stress was positively associated with depression, while resources were negatively associated with depression. In particular, work support moderated the effects of client disability stress, supervisory support lessened the effects of role conflict, and locus of control moderated the effects of workload. Conclusions: Such findings suggest the importance of external and internal resources for staff mental health. This research underscores the need for strong work social support systems and interventions to help staff manage work stressors.
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Locus of Control, Mental Retardation, Role Conflict, Developmental Disabilities, Mental Health, Depression (Psychology), Role, Work Environment, Professional Personnel, Community Organizations, Case Studies, Surveys, Social Support Groups, Disabilities, Intervention
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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