ERIC Number: EJ890275
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Unpacking Trauma Exposure Risk Factors and Differential Pathways of Influence: Predicting Postwar Mental Distress in Bosnian Adolescents
Layne, Christopher M.; Olsen, Joseph A.; Baker, Aaron; Legerski, John-Paul; Isakson, Brian; Pasalic, Alma; Durakovic-Belko, Elvira; Dapo, Nermin; Campara, Nihada; Arslanagic, Berina; Saltzman, William R.; Pynoos, Robert S.
Child Development, v81 n4 p1053-1076 Jul-Aug 2010
Methods are needed for quantifying the potency and differential effects of risk factors to identify at-risk groups for theory building and intervention. Traditional methods for constructing war exposure measures are poorly suited to "unpack" differential relations between specific types of exposure and specific outcomes. This study of 881 Bosnian adolescents compared both "common factor-effect indicator" (using exploratory factor analysis) versus "composite causal-indicator" methods for "unpacking" dimensions of war exposure and their respective paths to postwar adjustment outcomes. The composite method better supported theory building and most intervention applications, showing how multitiered interventions can enhance treatment effectiveness and efficiency in war settings. Used together, the methods may unpack the elements and differential effects of "caravans" of risk and promotive factors that co-occur across development.
Descriptors: Intervention, Adolescents, Factor Analysis, War, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Predictor Variables, Mental Disorders, Stress Variables, At Risk Persons, Influences, Comparative Analysis, Causal Models, Adjustment (to Environment), Coping, Counseling Techniques, Counseling Effectiveness, Foreign Countries, Child Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Bosnia and Herzegovina