ERIC Number: EJ890270
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Sex Differences in Salivary Cortisol, Alpha-Amylase, and Psychological Functioning Following Hurricane Katrina
Vigil, Jacob M.; Geary, David C.; Granger, Douglas A.; Flinn, Mark V.
Child Development, v81 n4 p1228-1240 Jul-Aug 2010
The study examines group and individual differences in psychological functioning and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal and sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity among adolescents displaced by Hurricane Katrina and living in a U.S. government relocation camp (n = 62, ages 12-19 years) 2 months postdisaster. Levels of salivary cortisol, salivary alpha-amylase, depression, anxiety, distress, aggression, and self-esteem for this group were contrasted with a demographically matched no-trauma control group (n = 53). Results revealed that hurricane exposure and SNS activity moderated the relations between lower cortisol and higher internalizing behaviors. Sex-related differences were observed in behavioral adjustment and stress regulation. Implications of sex differences in biobehavioral adjustment to loss, displacement, and relocation are discussed in relation to evolutionary and developmental theory.
Descriptors: Adolescents, Relocation, Depression (Psychology), Coping, Metabolism, Psychological Patterns, Natural Disasters, Stress Management, Individual Differences, Anxiety, Aggression, Self Esteem, Comparative Analysis, Behavior Problems, Gender Differences, Adjustment (to Environment)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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