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ERIC Number: EJ889947
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Mar
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 81
ISSN: ISSN-0022-1465
Development of Mastery during Adolescence: The Role of Family Problem-Solving
Conger, Katherine Jewsbury; Williams, Shannon Tierney; Little, Wendy M.; Masyn, Katherine E.; Shebloski, Barbara
Journal of Health and Social Behavior, v50 n1 p99-114 Mar 2009
A sense of mastery is an important component of psychological health and wellbeing across the life-span; however, relatively little is known about the development of mastery during childhood and adolescence. Utilizing prospective, longitudinal data from 444 adolescent sibling pairs and their parents, our conceptual model proposes that family socioeconomic status (SES) in the form of parental education promotes effective family problem-solving, which, in turn, fosters adolescent mastery. Results show: (1) a significant increase in mastery for younger and older siblings, (2) parental education promoted effective problem-solving between parents and adolescents and between siblings but not between the parents themselves, and (3) all forms of effective family problem-solving predicted greater adolescent mastery. Parental education had a direct effect on adolescent mastery as well as the hypothesized indirect effect through problem-solving effectiveness, suggesting both a social structural and social process influence on the development of mastery during adolescence. (Contains 2 figures, 2 tables and 1 note.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 7
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iowa