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ERIC Number: EJ889806
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Sep
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 51
ISSN: ISSN-0190-2725
How Do We Learn to Trust? A Confirmatory Tetrad Analysis of the Sources of Generalized Trust
Glanville, Jennifer L.; Paxton, Pamela
Social Psychology Quarterly, v70 n3 p230-242 Sep 2007
In this paper we ask whether individuals decide that people are generally trustworthy or untrustworthy by extrapolating from their experiences in localized interactions or whether a more fixed predisposition drives assessments of trustworthiness. These two contrasting theoretical perspectives on generalized trust can be translated into empirically testable models and adjudicated using confirmatory tetrad analysis. This paper is among the first substantive applications of confirmatory tetrad analysis and illustrates an important advantage of this technique--the ability to distinguish between causal and reflective indicators of a latent variable. We find that individuals develop a generalized expectation of trustworthiness based on their experiences with different groups of people in localized settings. We demonstrate the robustness of our results across disparate samples and spatially dissimilar survey sites. (Contains 8 footnotes, 2 tables, and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A