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ERIC Number: EJ889800
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Dec
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 45
ISSN: ISSN-0190-2725
Becoming American: Stereotype Threat Effects in Afro-Caribbean Immigrant Groups
Deaux, Kay; Bikmen, Nida; Gilkes, Alwyn; Ventuneac, Ana; Joseph, Yvanne; Payne, Yasser A.; Steele, Claude M.
Social Psychology Quarterly, v70 n4 p384-404 Dec 2007
Educational and occupational data suggest that second-generation West Indian immigrants have less favorable outcomes than their first-generation counterparts, who are typically shown to outperform comparison groups of African Americans. In two studies, we explore the social psychological process of stereotype threat as it differentially affects the performance of first-and second-generation West Indian students. An initial questionnaire study of 270 West Indian students provided data on perceived favorability of African American and West Indian stereotypes, ethnic identification, and perceptions of discrimination. An experimental study of stereotype threat showed a significant interaction between generation and stereotype threat condition: first-and second-generation West Indian students performed equally in neutral conditions, but differed significantly when stereotype threat was present. While first-generation students increased their performance in the threat condition, second-generation students showed the performance decrements characteristic of African American students. Effects due to the race of the experimenter were also found, suggesting the importance of context in testing situations. Overall, the findings argue for the relevance of psychological processes in understanding broader demographic patterns of immigration and change. (Contains 5 footnotes, 3 tables, and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A