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ERIC Number: EJ889753
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jul
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 45
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1649
Resilience to Maternal Depression in Young Adulthood
Pargas, Rebecca Cristina Malvar; Brennan, Patricia A.; Hammen, Constance; Le Brocque, Robyne
Developmental Psychology, v46 n4 p805-814 Jul 2010
Using a prospective longitudinal design, this study investigated factors associated with resilience in 20-year-old offspring of depressed mothers (n = 648). Resilient youth were operationally defined as those whose mothers were depressed but who themselves had no history of recurrent depression and currently evidenced adequate academic or work and romantic functioning, no Axis I psychopathology, and no clinically significant internalizing behavior problems. Low levels of perceived maternal psychological control (p = 0.02) and high child IQ (p less than 0.01) acted as protective factors in the context of maternal depression. Low paternal psychological control (p = 0.02), high maternal warmth (p less than 0.01), high self-esteem (p less than 0.01), and healthy peer social functioning (p less than 0.01) all acted as resource factors predicting high functioning outcomes for young adults, regardless of mother depression status. Notably, high child IQ acted as a protective factor predicting resilient outcomes that persisted from adolescence to adulthood (p less than 0.01), and low maternal psychological control acted as a protective factor predicting resilient outcomes that emerged in early adulthood (p = 0.03). Interventions focused on these 2 protective factors might yield the strongest benefits for offspring of depressed mothers as they transition to early adulthood. (Contains 4 figures and 4 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A