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ERIC Number: EJ889644
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jul
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 20
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
What Costs Do Reveal and Moving beyond the Cost Debate: Reply to Einstein and McDaniel (2010)
Smith, Rebekah E.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v36 n4 p1089-1095 Jul 2010
Einstein et al. (2005) predicted no cost to an ongoing task when a prospective memory task met certain criteria. Smith, Hunt, McVay, and McConnell (2007) used prospective memory tasks that met these criteria and found a cost to the ongoing task, contrary to Einstein et al.'s prediction. Einstein and McDaniel (2010) correctly noted that there are limitations to using ongoing task performance as a measure of the processes that contribute to prospective memory performance; however, the alternatives suggested by Einstein and McDaniel all focus on ongoing task performance and therefore do not move beyond the cost debate. In this article, I describe why Smith et al.'s findings are important, provide recommendations for issues to consider when investigating cost, and discuss individual cost measures. Finally, noting the blurry distinction between Einstein and McDaniel's description of the reflexive associative processes and preparatory attentional processes and difficulties in extending the multiprocess view to nonlaboratory tasks, I make suggestions for moving beyond the cost debate. (Contains 7 footnotes and 2 tables.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A