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ERIC Number: EJ889642
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jul
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 81
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Theoretical Implications of Extralist Probes for Directed Forgetting
Sahakyan, Lili; Goodmon, Leilani B.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v36 n4 p920-937 Jul 2010
In 5 experiments, the authors examined the influence of associative information in list-method directed forgetting, using the extralist cuing procedure (Nelson & McEvoy, 2005). Targets were studied in the absence of cues, but during retrieval, related cues were used to test their memory. Experiment 1 manipulated the degree of resonant connections from associates of the target back to the target. Experiment 2 varied the degree of connectivity of associates of the target. Experiment 3 varied the size of the associative neighborhood of the target. Experiment 4 varied the direct target-to-cue strength, and Experiment 5 varied the indirect strength between the cue and the target. Reliable directed forgetting impairment emerged in all experiments. Furthermore, directed forgetting reduced the effects of the associates contributing to the target activation strength (Experiments 1-2), and it also reduced the effects of the associates contributing to the cue-target intersection strength (Experiments 3-5). Together, these results support the context account and challenge the inhibitory interpretation of directed forgetting. (Contains 2 tables and 9 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina