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ERIC Number: EJ889479
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jan
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0038-0407
What Types of Students' Effort Are Rewarded with High Marks?
Kelly, Sean
Sociology of Education, v81 n1 p32-52 Jan 2008
This analysis of data from the Partnership for Literacy Study investigates the relationship among achievement, effort, and grades. Certainly, grades reward achievement, the mastery of material by students. Research has also suggested that grades are used to reward students for exerting effort to learn material, even if students fall short of mastery. Indeed, some small-scale research has found that teachers reward students for merely cooperating with their instructional plans, for behaviors that may be weakly related or even unrelated to the growth in achievement. This analysis reveals that teachers seldom reward students for nonachievement-related behavior, for keeping instruction moving. In these data from middle school English and language arts classrooms, the vast majority of the variance in grades is accounted for by students' achievement and students' behaviors that are closely related to the growth in achievement. The findings are consistent with the theory that many teachers adopt a "developmental" perspective on instruction and seek to promote students' achievement by rewarding students' engagement. (Contains 5 tables and 18 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education; High Schools; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A