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ERIC Number: EJ889470
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jul
Pages: 31
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 75
ISSN: ISSN-0038-0407
Staying Back and Dropping Out: The Relationship between Grade Retention and School Dropout
Stearns, Elizabeth; Moller, Stephanie; Blau, Judith; Potochnick, Stephanie
Sociology of Education, v80 n3 p210-240 Jul 2007
Students who repeat a grade prior to high school have a higher risk of dropping out of high school than do students who are continuously promoted. This study tested whether standard theories of dropout--including the participation-identification model and the social capital model--explain this link. Although the presence of variables, including academic achievement and disciplinary problems, reduces the higher probability of retained students dropping out, existing models of dropping out do not adequately explain the markedly higher probability of dropping out for retained students. Regression decomposition reveals differences between promoted and retained students in the importance of resources and illustrates that various resources hold different levels of importance for white, black, and Latino students. (Contains 7 tables and 15 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A