ERIC Number: EJ889264
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 37
Use of Psychotherapy by Rural and Urban Veterans
Cully, Jeffrey A.; Jameson, John P.; Phillips, Laura L.; Kunik, Mark E.; Fortney, John C.
Journal of Rural Health, v26 n3 p225-233 Sum 2010
Purpose: To examine whether differences exist between rural and urban veterans in terms of initiation of psychotherapy, delay in time from diagnosis to treatment, and dose of psychotherapy sessions. Methods: Using a longitudinal cohort of veterans obtained from national Veterans Affairs databases (October 2003 through September 2004), we extracted veterans with a new diagnosis of depression, anxiety, or posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (n = 410,923). Veterans were classified as rural (categories 6-9; n = 65,044) or urban (category 1; n = 149,747), using the US Department of Agriculture Rural-Urban Continuum Codes. Psychotherapy encounters were identified using Current Procedural Terminology codes for the 12 months following patients' initial diagnosis. Findings: Newly diagnosed rural veterans were significantly less likely (P less than 0.0001) to receive psychotherapy (both individual and group). Urban veterans were roughly twice as likely as rural veterans to receive 4 or more (9.46% vs 5.08%) and 8 or more (5.59% vs 2.35%) psychotherapy sessions (P less than 0.001). Conclusions: Rural veterans are significantly less likely to receive psychotherapy services, and the dose of the psychotherapy services provided for rural veterans is limited relative to their urban counterparts. Focused efforts are needed to increase access to psychotherapy services provided to rural veterans with depression, anxiety, and PTSD.
Descriptors: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Identification, Patients, Agriculture, Psychotherapy, Veterans, Depression (Psychology), Anxiety, Rural Population, Urban Population, Clinical Diagnosis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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