NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ889174
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Mar
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0167-8507
Emerging Voices or Linguistic Silence?: Examining a New Zealand Linguistic Landscape
Macalister, John
Multilingua: Journal of Cross-Cultural and Interlanguage Communication, v29 n1 p55-75 Mar 2010
The monolingualism of New Zealand has often been remarked on, but statutory and demographic changes in recent years suggest a shift away from the dominance of the English language. New Zealand now has two official languages, the indigenous Maori language and New Zealand Sign Language, and census data report a decreasing proportion of monolingual English speakers in the population. This paper describes a study investigating whether, as a result of these changes, languages other than English are now being heard in the public domain in New Zealand. It adopts a linguistic landscape approach but differs from other studies that have used this approach by adapting the standard binary categorisation of actors in the linguistic landscape in order to identify the differences in their contributions. Thus, Calvet's terms (1990, 1994) "in vitro" and "in vivo" are proposed as opposite ends of a continuum to reflect the dynamism within a linguistic landscape rather than as oppositional categories.
Mouton de Gruyter. Available from: Walter de Gruyter. P.O. Box 960, Herndon, VA 20172-0960. Tel: 800-208-8144; Tel: 703-661-1589; Fax: 703-661-1501; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand