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ERIC Number: EJ888841
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Apr
Pages: 4
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1740-4622
"-ing" Project: Encouraging Cohesion in Small Groups
McBride, M. Chad
Communication Teacher, v20 n2 p53-56 Apr 2006
Group cohesiveness is a topic addressed in most small group communication texts and courses and is often defined as the degree of attraction members feel towards one another, the degree of loyalty within a group, or the "groupness" felt among members. Further, groups which are cohesive tend to be happier and more productive. When working on projects in small groups in a classroom context, students may tend to focus more on the task at hand rather than the group climate and interaction. Cohesiveness, however, stems from both task and relational dimensions. This activity seeks to encourage the beginning stages of cohesiveness in groups which will work together throughout a semester on various projects or assignments. While it does not "guarantee" or force cohesiveness in the group, it does require students to interact in their small groups at the beginning of the semester before major assignments are due, which may encourage cohesiveness within their groups. This project is designed to be done at the beginning of the semester. In class, instructors can brainstorm various appropriate "--ing" activities, such as "shooting" basketballs, "planting" flowers, "playing" cards, etc. Additionally, four of the seven activities completed by each group must be: (1) eating; (2) naming their group; (3) planning group meetings; and (4) creating a group code of conduct. First, requiring a shared meal is done in an attempt to get students to interact socially, but they could discuss their name, group schedule, and code of conduct over the meal. Second, when naming their group, they should choose a name they feel suits their group and is appropriate in referring to the group in the classroom. Third, when planning group meetings, they should prepare a tentative schedule for when they will meet before each project is due (recognizing that dates may change). Finally, the group should create a code of conduct. Their code of conduct should state the "ground rules" for all group members. [A list of references and suggested readings is included.
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Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A