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ERIC Number: EJ888267
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 39
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 68
Picture This: Processes Prompted by Graphics in Informational Text
Norman, Rebecca R.
Literacy Teaching and Learning, v14 n1-2 p1-39 2010
Verbal protocols have provided literacy researchers with a strong understanding of what processes readers (both adults and children) use as they read narrative and informational text. Little is known, however, about the comprehension processes that are prompted by the graphics in these texts. This study of nine second graders used verbal protocol methodology to investigate what processes were prompted by the graphics in the context of two informational texts. Open coding revealed 17 comprehension processes ("label"; "describe"; "gains information"; "infers information"; "prediction"; "infer the author's purpose"; "confirm-disconfirm text"; "connection-to-self"; "irrelevant connection"; "connection-to-prior knowledge"; "wonder"; "knowledge monitoring"; "affective response"; "compare-contrast graphics"; "evaluate"; "use of running text"; "use of captions, labels, map key, etc."; and "word identification") prompted by the graphics in the texts. Many of these processes are similar to those identified by research on the reading of written text, though others are unique to graphical reading. Comparative analysis of the verbal protocols across texts also revealed that the texts themselves appeared to influence what processes were prompted. Finally, comparisons of students by ability and by classroom suggest that reading ability and teacher factors may be related to the comprehension processes prompted by the graphics in informational text, pointing to important areas of future research. (Contains 3 tables and 4 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 2; Primary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Gates MacGinitie Reading Tests