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ERIC Number: EJ887573
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Apr
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 65
ISSN: ISSN-0022-4308
School Trips and Classroom Lessons: An Investigation into Teacher-Student Talk in Two Settings
DeWitt, Jennifer; Hohenstein, Jill
Journal of Research in Science Teaching, v47 n4 p454-473 Apr 2010
Although school trips to informal science institutions can result in conceptual and affective gains, the processes by which they do so are not yet clearly understood. Taking a sociocultural perspective that highlights the importance of discourse for learning, this work focuses on the talk that occurred in teacher-pupil interactions, both during a museum visit and during pre- and post-visit lessons in the classroom. The museum setting affords many experiences not available in a classroom--does it also afford different types of discourse? Transcripts from one secondary and three primary school classes provide evidence of the extent to which teachers' talk conformed to a triadic pattern, with discourse during the pre- and post-visit lessons more closely adhering to this pattern than that during the visit. However, a closer look at teacher-student discourse revealed further complexities, including greater use of open-ended questions during triadic than during non-triadic discourse. Overall, the findings from this research indicate that museum visits may enable pupils to assert more authority temporarily and provide insight into processes by which such experiences may contribute to learning. (Contains 7 tables and 4 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom; United States