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ERIC Number: EJ887247
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Sep
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 48
ISSN: ISSN-1547-1888
Referral of African American Children for Evaluation of Emotional or Behavioral Concerns
Riccio, Cynthia A.; Ochoa, Salvador Hector; Garza, Sylvia G.; Nero, Collette L.
Multiple Voices for Ethnically Diverse Exceptional Learners, v6 n1 p1-12 Sep 2003
Research indicates that high numbers of African American children receive special education services. To address the overrepresentation of African Americans in special education, this study examined the source of referral and the behaviors that precipitate the referral of African Americans for evaluation due to behavioral or emotional concerns. School psychologists responded to survey questions related to source of referral and reasons for referral when behavioral or emotional assessment was indicated. Results suggest that teachers are the primary source of referral; parents, administrators, and others initiate the process as well. Reasons for referral range from academic concerns to more specific behavioral concerns, particularly those related to aggression. Implications for proactive intervention to address problems leading to referral are discussed. (Contains 3 tables.)
Division for Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Learners, Council for Exceptional Children. 1110 North Glebe Road Suite 300, Arlington, VA 22201. Tel: 888-232-7733; Fax: 703-264-9494; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Alabama; Georgia; Louisiana; Maryland; Mississippi; North Carolina; South Carolina; Virginia