ERIC Number: EJ887166
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 74
Can 1st-Year College Students Accurately Report Their Learning and Development?
Bowman, Nicholas A.
American Educational Research Journal, v47 n2 p466-496 2010
Many higher education studies use self-reported gains as indicators of college student learning and development. However, the evidence regarding the validity of these indicators is quite mixed. It is proposed that the temporal nature of the assessment--whether students are asked to report their current attributes or how their attributes have changed over time--best accounts for students' (in)ability to make accurate judgments. Using a longitudinal sample of over 3,000 first-year college students, this study compares self-reported gains and longitudinal gains that are measured either objectively or subjectively. Across several cognitive and noncognitive outcomes, the correlations between self-reported and longitudinal gains are small or virtually zero, and regression analyses using these two forms of assessment yield divergent results. (Contains 6 tables.)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, College Freshmen, Measurement Techniques, Validity, Educational Indicators, Student Evaluation, Longitudinal Studies, Higher Education, Multiple Regression Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A