ERIC Number: EJ886991
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Assistive Device Use as a Dynamic Acquisition Process in Later Life
Pressler, Karis A.; Ferraro, Kenneth F.
Gerontologist, v50 n3 p371-381 Jun 2010
Purpose: This study identifies risk factors, including incident disability, for the use of assistive devices (ADs) among older people. Design and Methods: Three waves of data from the National Long-Term Care Survey (NLTCS) are used to examine whether upper and lower body disability lead to use of ADs (both number of devices used and number of activities of daily living domains for which ADs are used). Predictors of AD use include demographic variables, body mass index, and disability (both initial and incident). Relationships are estimated with negative binomial regression models. Results: Lower body disability, advanced age, and obesity are consistent predictors of the number of ADs used. An interaction between age and incident disability revealed the highest rate of adoption among the younger respondents who experienced increases in disability. Implications: Many older adults use ADs in response to the disablement process. In addition to need driven by rising disability, obese older adults use more ADs. Results from this study clarify who and why ADs are adopted by older persons and should facilitate effective intervention by health care personnel and caregivers.
Descriptors: Assistive Technology, Predictor Variables, Risk, Demography, Obesity, Body Composition, Aging (Individuals), Older Adults, Disabilities, Intervention, Health Personnel, Caregivers
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A