NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ886920
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 67
ISSN: ISSN-1085-5300
The Impact of Incorrect Responses to Reverse-Coded Survey Items
Hughes, Gail D.
Research in the Schools, v16 n2 p76-88 Fall 2009
The impacts of incorrect responses to reverse-coded survey items were examined in this simulation study by reversing responses to traditional Likert-format items from 700 administrators in randomly selected schools in a 7-county region in central Arkansas that were obtained from an archival dataset. Specifically, the number of reverse-coded items (1 to 5) and percentage of participants (5%, 10%, 15%, or 20%) responding incorrectly were varied to examine impacts on score reliability and scale means. Results suggested that incorrect responses to reverse-coded items can statistically significantly impact scale means. Impacts on estimates of internal consistency reliability of scores were small and might go undetected by researchers. The results support advice by researchers to use reverse-coded items with caution and subject the items to additional scrutiny to detect systematic measurement error arising from incorrect or confused responses. (Contains 4 tables.)
Mid-South Educational Research Association (MSERA). Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arkansas