ERIC Number: EJ886842
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Social Categories Guide Young Children's Preferences for Novel Objects
Shutts, Kristin; Banaji, Mahzarin R.; Spelke, Elizabeth S.
Developmental Science, v13 n4 p599-610 Jul 2010
To whom do children look when deciding on their own preferences? To address this question, 3-year-old children were asked to choose between objects or activities that were endorsed by unfamiliar people who differed in gender, race (White, Black), or age (child, adult). In Experiment 1, children demonstrated robust preferences for objects and activities endorsed by children of their own gender, but less consistent preferences for objects and activities endorsed by children of their own race. In Experiment 2, children selected objects and activities favored by people of their own gender and age. In neither study did most children acknowledge the influence of these social categories. These findings suggest that gender and age categories are encoded spontaneously and influence children's preferences and choices. For young children, gender and age may be more powerful guides to preferences than race.
Descriptors: Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Young Children, Gender Differences, Racial Differences, Age Differences, Children, Adults, Social Influences, Developmental Psychology, Experimental Psychology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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